Landed Cost Types must be setup to be able to use the Landed Costs solution. Use the search tool to find the Landed Cost Types screen create a Landed Cost Type for each Landed Cost that you will use within your business.

For each Landed Cost Type you will need to confirm the details that the system requires in order to be able to calculate and post Landed Costs through the system. The first field to populate is the Landed Cost Type Code which is simply a unique code to identify each landed cost you wish to use within your business and which you can then assign to relevant Items. The Description field is a way for you to identify each code you have created. It also helps in understanding what each code means. The next field along is the Calculation Type which defines how the expected cost is calculated for the Landed Cost. Clever Landed Cost provides the following Calculation Types which are detailed below.

Calculation Type Description
Duty Costs will be calculated based on the Duty that is specified for an Item
Volume (M3) Costs will be calculated based on the Cubage, as specified in the Item Unit of Measure
Weight (KG) Costs will be calculated based on the Net Weight as specified in the Item Unit of Measure
Per Piece Costs will be calculated based on the Purchase Order Line Quantity (Base Unit of Measure)
Percent Costs will be calculated based on the Purchase Order Line Value

Alongside assigning a unique Code and Description for each Landed Cost Type you can also select a Category Code for the Landed Cost Type. Landed Cost Categories can be setup to suit the business needs and can be used for reporting purposes. To setup Landed Cost Categories, see the Landed Cost Categories section.

NB: the Category Code attribute is not shown on the Landed Costs Type screen by default, so if you wish to use this functionality you will need to use the Business Central "Personalize" functionality to add the attribute to the Page.

For Landed Costs Types which you incur prior to receiving goods into the Country of Landing, it is normal that the Duty to be paid for the goods will also include such costs. Within Clever Landed Costs this is possible by setting Include in Duty against the required Cost Types. E.g if Include in Duty = TRUE for Landed Cost Type of Freight, then duty amount (£) = (Item Base Cost + Freight Cost) * Duty %.

You can also set default values for each Landed Cost Type, but this is not necessary. Depending on the Calculation Type there are different attributes used to store the Default Value, as detailed below. The value specified will be inherited by new Item Landed Costs for the Landed Cost Type.

Default Value Field Description
Default Cost Used to set the Default Cost value when the Calculation Type is set to Weight (KG), Volume (M3) or Per Piece
Default Cost % Used to set the Default Cost value when the Calculation Type is set to Percent

When you update the Default Cost (or Default Cost %) you will be prompted to update the Default Cost for all Item Landed Costs of this type. Answer yes to recalculate the Default Cost on the relevant Item Landed Costs.

Finally for each Landed Cost Type You will need to specify an Accrual Account, which will be the G/L Account into which the expected cost will be posted (for the relevant Landed Cost Type) by the system on receipt of the purchase order. Once the cost has been invoiced the expected cost is reversed and the actual costs are posted to the landed cost ledger entries.

NB: in order for the system to post through the expected costs correctly the fields Automatic Cost Posting and Expected Cost Posting must be enabled on your Inventory Setup page else you will not see the Landed Cost accrual postings.

You should also have an Inventory Accrual Acc. (Interim) stated on your General Posting Setup for Items that will have landed costs as this is where the expected costs are posted on receipting the order. Also within the General Posting Setup screen, you should also set the Overhead Applied account to the same as the Inventory Accrual Acc (Interim). This will ensure the landed costs are posted correctly within the general ledger.

Finally, for each Landed Cost Type you will need to specify a Variance Account which will be used to post any differences between the expected cost (recorded on receipt) and actual costs that are posted when invoicing the Landed Cost.

NB: Both the Accrual Account and Variance Account are newly created G/L codes specific for Clever Landed Costs. You can have a separate Accrual account per Landed Cost Type if you wish.


For a Landed Cost Type it is also possible to setup the Dimensions that you want to use when posting values against Landed Cost Types.

The dimensions will be copied into Document Landed Cost entries on a Purchase Order along with any other dimension inherited from the purchase line.

During the receipt posting, the Landed Cost Ledger Entries are created with the dimension value from the Document Landed Cost and the accruals are then posted with the dimensions specified.

On the Purchase Invoice, the dimensions are added to the purchase line when validating Landed Cost Type Code.  Landed Cost Ledger Entries are posted off the back the cost assignment with the dimension from the purchase line and variance postings will be posted with the dimensions from the purchase line.

Dimension values can be viewed on the Landed Cost Ledger Entries.

Within the Landed Cost Journal we can also view the related Dimensions.